mental health
mental health

Mental health is a state of emotional stability and physical, intellectual, and social well-being. It can be defined as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential”. It is not just about feeling good but it includes coping with stress and resources management.

Categories of Mental health issues

Mental health issues can be divided into three categories:

Mental illness:

This includes conditions such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders and eating disorders. These conditions require medical treatment.

Substance abuse:

This includes alcohol and drugs that can cause mental health problems.such as addiction or dependence on a substance (such as prescription drugs).

Psychosocial problems:

These include stress at work or home, family problems, relationship breakdowns and other issues that can interfere with mental health.

Reasons why mental health issues is increasing day by day

The rate of mental health issue has been increasing due to various reasons.

  1. Mental health issues cause stress on the mind and body which leads to depression in some cases.
  2. Mental illnesses like bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder and schizophrenia are also increasing as people are not able to cope up with their problems properly hence they tend to commit suicide due to this issue.
  3. The society is becoming more aggressive towards each other which causes negative thinking in people which increases their chances of getting affected by mental illness. Due to stress or self-harmers who commit act of suicide.

Mental Health Issue in 2022:

Mental Illness:

  • The prevalence rate of mental illness is 30%, which includes schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression. This rate will increase due to increased use of social media and technology addiction.

Stress:

  • Stress leads to anxiety disorders, insomnia and irritability among others. It also causes stress-related diseases like heart disease, high blood pressure and arthritis among others.

Suicide Rate:

  • According to WHO 2016 report on suicide rate worldwide, South Asian countries have highest suicide rates in the world among men (20 per 100,000 people) and women (4 per 100,000 people). This is followed by African countries however. It is slowly decreasing due to awareness campaigns by government bodies and NGOs across the country.

Symptoms

A person who has a mental illness may exhibit different symptoms depending on what the problem is. These symptoms may include:

  • Depression: Feeling sad for a long time and feeling down all the time.
  • Anxiety: Feeling worried about things that are not happening now or yesterday or tomorrow.
  • Schizophrenia: An illness where you hear voices (voices talking to you) and see things that others cannot see (hallucinations).
  • Bipolar disorder: Feeling very happy or very angry at the same time (mania).
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): Obsessive thoughts about something over and over again like washing your hands too much checking if you put on your shoes before leaving the house before leaving home again etc

How to Control it.

The rate of mental health issue has been increasing over time and it will continue to increase as more people begin to take advantage of treatment options available today.

We’ll look at some of the most common mental health issues and what you can do to treat them. However, there are some things that you can do to help yourself cope with depression.

The first thing is to talk about what you are feeling and why you feel like this. Most people who suffer from depression don’t want to talk about it, but it is important for them to talk about their feelings so that they can get help for their depression. Talking about your feelings helps you become more aware of how much you are affected by your depression, which can help you recognize when the symptoms start to return or get worse again.

Another thing that people with depression need is a support system of family and friends who care about them and want them to get better as soon as possible. Your family should be willing to listen without judging or criticizing what you say, because they know how hard it can be when someone close to them has a mental illness such as depression or anxiety disorder. Friends may also be helpful if they notice changes in mood or behavior in your friend or loved one who has had a major depressive episode.

 

 

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