Information about the Indian elephant
Elephant Indian animal gray color, a subspecies of the Asian elephant , and a height ofabout 6.6 to 11.5 feet and weighs about 4,000 to 1,000 – pound
Indian elephant carrying a scientific name Elephas : maximus indicus , , has long trunk completely free of bone, it is known that the trunk is made up of about 40 thousand muscles
characteristics of the indian elephant
|physical properties||facts||Scientific classification|
|Color : brown, grey, black||Main prey : Grass, fruits, roots||Kingdom : animal|
|Elephant body covers : skin||Distinguishing feature : long torso and large feet||Phylum : Chordates|
|Top speed : 27 mph||Habitat : rainforests and tropical forests||Classification : Mammals|
|Lifespan : 55-70 years||Predators : human, tiger||Order : Proboscidae Proboscidae|
|Weight : 3000 kg – 5000 kg (6500 lb – 11,000 lb)||Diet : herbivorous||Family : Elephantidae|
|Height : 2 m – 3 m (7 ft – 10 ft)||Average number of births : 1||Gender : Asian elephant|
|Lifestyle : herd||Scientific Name : Elephas maximus indicus|
|Favorite food : Grass||Conservation Status : Endangered|
|Location : Asia|
Amazing facts about the Indian elephant
The elephant’s trunk does not contain bones, although it includes both the upper lip and the nose, the entire trunk is made up of 40,000 muscles, which is 62 times the number of muscles in the entire human body.
2- Mothers enlist the help of other females in their flock in raising their young. Information about the Indian elephant These cooperative females are referred to as aunts, and fathers play a less important role.
3- During the hot months, an Indian elephant can drink up to 200 liters of water per day, and this excessive drinking indicates that mammals can drink their weight in water approximately three times a month.
4- The Indian elephant weighs between 6000 and 8000 pounds as an adult, and its length ranges between 18 and 21 feet, and this length includes the body, head and trunk, even a small Indian elephant is fairly large, weighing several hundred pounds as well.
5- The Indian elephant spends 19 hours a day eating only.
The scientific name of the Indian elephant
e Indian elephant bears the scientific name Elephas maximus indicus. It belongs to the animal kingdom, and the class of mammals. It is of the family Elephantidae and has a subspecies called Em indicus. It also belongs to the order Proboscideans. The
word “elephas” is Latin for “elephant” but it is derived from the Greek word “ἐλέφαντος” which can be influenced by the Egyptian word for ivory or elephant.
Interestingly, the etymology of the word ivory comes directly from the Latin and Greek interpretations of the word elephant making them forever interconnected.
indicus is rooted in the ancient Greek of Ἰνδία meaning India. Basically, the interpretation of this name simply means that the animal is a large elephant from India.
Indian elephant look and feel
The Indian elephant is a huge animal with a size of about 18 to 21 feet, and weighing up to 8000 pounds as a male.
Although the head of the Indian elephant is large, its neck is small, and with such a high weight the legs work a lot to carry it.
While other elephant breeds have a shorter tail, the Indian elephant’s tail is incredibly long, and the tail is sometimes longer than the knees, combing the ground with coarse hairs hanging from the bottom of the tail.
The trunk of the Indian elephant is perhaps its most remarkable feature, while the trunk constitutes a very large part of the body, it does not contain any bones at all, instead as shown in the facts above, this powerful limb contains a total of 40,000 muscles, divided into 150,000 separate divisions.
This muscular torso is essential to an elephant’s survival, Information about the Indian elephant allowing it to cool off while spraying, humidify by bringing water to its mouth, shred food to eat and express itself.
Indian elephant behavior
The Indian elephant is a diurnal animal which means that it is more active during the day and sleeps at night, however on the contrary it is also nocturnal in nature which means that some of them can be very active during the night.
The Indian elephant is also very social and is known to exist in stable groups. The groups are usually matriarchal and consist of 20 closely related female Indian elephants. The groups are headed by the largest female Indian elephant, and they usually direct the entire group in search of food and water.
The Indian elephant is known to be intelligent and exhibits a variety of emotions such as joy and sadness, and it also emits a variety of low and high-pitched sounds to communicate.
An Indian elephant and his family take 19 hours a day to eat, which results in a large amount of waste (220 pounds of dung per day).
The Indian elephant travels up to 125 miles a day to keep itself active while searching for its next source of nutrients, and even when it sleeps, most of it remains standing while in the wild.
It is known that the Indian elephant moves from one forest to another, and that it often stays in different forests at different periods, yet the Indian elephant likes to live in solitude, especially in its young years.
The home of the Indian elephant
The Indian elephant is found in a variety of habitats and prefers to live in forests and grasslands, besides that it can also be found in cultivated forests.
When they sleep at night under normal conditions, the herd living near the villages may reflect these habits, in order to remain vigilant against potential human threats.
The Indian elephant can also be found in many parts of Southeast Asia including Cambodia, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Malaysia, Information about the Indian elephant Vietnam and Thailand. These areas provide the Indian elephant with a large number of plants to feed on, but they are dwindling.
Humans and the Indian elephant in the area are beginning to see their habitats collide. This combination can cause major conflict, forcing the Indian elephant to abandon its natural habitat and dwindle its numbers. While there are efforts to redress this conflict, humans have been assaulted, wounded, and even killed in the process.
indian Elephant Diet
The Indian elephant is mostly a plant eater, it is known to eat about 330 pounds of food every day, and its diet mainly includes grass, leaves, bark, stems and roots.
Apart from that, the huge Indian elephant also feeds on bananas, sugar cane and rice, and likes to graze on tall grasses, and is known to remove the shoots of these weeds very skillfully.
As abundant as this food is at times, research can be dangerous for humans and elephants alike.
What does the Indian elephant eat?
The Indian elephant usually feeds on grass, leaves, bark, stem, root and shoots, and it also feeds on bananas, sugar cane and rice, apart from that it grazes on tall grass, and although the shoots can be harmful to its stomach and mouth, the strong trunk of the Indian elephant allows Information about the Indian elephant Have them remove these parts before chewing them.
As the Indian elephant’s habitat is getting smaller, some of its nutrient journeys take it fairly close to humans.
What eats the Indian elephant?
Due to its huge size and weight, it has very few predators, and the Bengal tiger is known to prey on it, but it only hunts small Indian elephants where it is easier to hunt due to its small size compared to the larger elephants.
There are many reports of this tiger attacks in Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand.
Indian elephant predators and threats
As mentioned above, there are almost no predators (in terms of the natural food chain) of the Indian elephants.
The Bengal tiger is one of the prominent predators of the Indian elephant, but the tigers hunt the young of these elephants due to their size, some of these cases have appeared in the news, returning to a zoo in Uttarakhand, India.
The biggest threat to the Indian elephant is humans and their daily life, poaching still poses a great threat to it, as humans use their tusks for ivory, but the threat goes beyond that, as the small habitat has caused violent confrontations between the humans close to it Information about the Indian elephant , while elephants search for food in farmlands lose These people have income.
However, the violent response from both sides resulted in approximately 500 deaths each year
The Indian Elephant: Reproduction, Young, Life Cycle
The Indian elephant is known to mate by rubbing their bodies together and even rolling their trunks together.
Males in the 40-50 age group are most likely to mate with females for the sake of the young, however courtship between a male and a female Indian elephant is rather short-lived.
The female Indian elephant is about 10 years old when she can start bearing young, and the gestation period lasts for about 22 months.
Usually a young Indian elephant weighs about 100 kg at birth, and the mother and other female “aunts” take care of the young, which stays with its mother for about five years, after which the male moves out of the herd while the female remains behind.
The Indian elephant usually lives around 48 years, however conservation efforts and captivity influence this lifespan.