Definitions Of Education | Definitions of educational psychology

Definitions Of Education

Definitions Of Education – Education has an important role in the lives of societies and peoples, as it is the mainstay of development, structure, and prosperity, and it is an essential means of survival and continuity, and it is a social necessity that

Aims to meet the needs of society and take care of them. Interaction and coordination with the surrounding community to contribute to it effectively. Hence, education has occupied many researchers and scholars throughout the ages and had a significant amount of study and analysis.

What is education

Al-Jawhari defines education linguistically as: (I brought him up, nurture him, and nurture him, that is, I nourished him. He said: This is for everything that develops, such as a child, planting, and the like). [1]

Old Definitions Of Education

There are many different definitions of education, and over time different definitions of scientists, philosophers and thinkers have emerged because of their different view of man and his philosophy of life and the beliefs he believes, and because they view it as a controversial issue, and among the old basic definitions of education are the following:

Plato’s definition of education (427-347 BC): (Education is to bestow upon the body and soul all possible beauty and perfection).

Definition of Rifa’a al-Tahtawi (1801-1873 AD): ( Education is what builds the child’s character on what is worthy of a virtuous society, and develops in it all the virtues that protect him from vices, and enables him to go beyond himself to cooperate with his peers in doing good).

Definition of Sati’ Al-Husari (1881-1968 AD): (Education is the upbringing of a strong-bodied individual, of good character, correct thinking, loving his country, proud of his nationalism, aware of his duties, and provided with the information necessary for him in his life).

Definition of Ismail Al-Qabbani (1898-1963 AD): (Education is helping the individual to achieve himself until he reaches his maximum material and spiritual perfection within the framework of the society in which he lives).

Definition of Herbert Spencer (1820-1903 AD): (Education is the preparation of the individual to live a full life).

Definition of Judd Dewey (1845-1905 AD): (Education is life and it is an adaptation process between the individual and his environment).

Modern definitions of education

Scholars have continued to put forward modern definitions of the concept of education, each according to his point of view, but the definitions, no matter how numerous and evolved, all refer to the meanings of progress, advancement, perfection, growth, upbringing, and development for the better. Modern definitions of the term education: [3]

(Education is the process of adaptation or interaction between an individual and the environment in which he lives).

(Education is a process that includes actions and influences that target the growth of the individual in all aspects of his personality and lead him towards the perfection of his functions by adapting to his surroundings and in terms of what these functions need in terms of behavior patterns and abilities).

(Education is the intended, coordinated action aimed at transferring knowledge, creating capabilities, forming a person, and striving for it in the path of perfection in all respects and throughout life).

The Importance Of Education

There is great importance for the role of education in different societies, and its importance is highlighted in several aspects, including [4]

An important factor in environmental balance, through the role of environmental education, which educates the individual in his dealings with the environment and nature around him, as the environment has been exposed to great risks from environmental pollution carried out by man, so education has become the environment assigns the necessary place in the hearts of individuals to preserve it, The formation of a good environmental person.

Education has become a national strategy for the peoples of the world. Budgets, plans, and human cadres are drawn up from policies and countries to achieve the goals that individuals are expected to follow through education.

An important factor of economic development, through the formation of qualified individuals and investment of manpower, preparation, and qualification to work in the economy.

An important factor in social development, as it educates the individual to assume his social responsibilities, and to know his rights and duties.

An important factor in building a modern, modern state that is in line with civilization, keeps pace with scientific and technological progress, and leads the individual to live a dignified life with luxury and social justice among all individuals.

An important factor in the establishment of a correct democracy, where individuals indicate their civil and political rights, liberating ideas from ignorance so that individuals believe in the opinion and the other opinion, and the role of effective participation in the development of society.

An important factor in social cohesion and national and national unity by uniting forces and trends in society to create an intellectual unity that leads to the cohesion of society and the cohesion of its members.

Education goals

With the different goals of education across the ages and different societies, but in general, it seeks to integrate the individual with his society, and therefore it is concerned with the individual and society alike, and among these objectives: [2]

Preparing the good citizen, which is one of the most important goals of education in ancient times and the current era, where education is concerned with reaching a balance in human thought, feelings, emotions, body, and morals to be a good citizen in agreement with himself and with society.

Rehabilitation of the individual religiously and worldly, as education was oriented with the temporal development of the religious and spiritual orientation of individuals, taking into account the human and worldly needs. Educating and training the individual on how to work and earn a living, is the process that qualifies the individual for life and makes him adapt to the environment around him.

Types of education

The transmission and preservation of behavioral patterns without changing from one generation to another, as in the conservative patterns of education, such as the civilizations of China, India, and ancient Egypt, in which education took a conservative approach concerned with customs and traditions. A developmental goal for society as a whole in all economic, social, cultural, and political aspects. Scientific goals that focus on transferring science and knowledge to science seekers, preparing the learner mentally,

Teaching him ways to investigate facts and information, and ways for an individual to solve his problems in a scientific manner. The formation of democratic individuals and societies, so that the individual is mentally open in his thoughts and opinions about others, so he learns from them, adds to them, realizes his rights, and practices them, for the good of the individual leads to the goodness of society,

And ultimately a democratic society is formed. A progressive goal is an end in itself; Because it leads to the growth of the individual, as growth is a continuous process, as well as education. A national and national goal, education is a means of strengthening the feeling of national and national unity, this feeling that stems from the unity of language, history, geography, hopes, and aspirations for the future.


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