Comparative Research – There are formulas for comparison in the field of comparative educational studies. These studies are based on the study of the educational system in one of the countries or regions. It may even be in a city or village that represents a specific cultural area and is characterized by that this method depends on collecting data on everything related to educational systems without doing any analysis It is a comparative study,
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Which is basically a descriptive survey and general comparison without exposure to minute details. It requires the researcher to be impartial, objective, and away from fanaticism, a specific educational system, or a specific educational theory so as not to lose its importance. It also requires great effort and scientific accuracy in collecting information and understanding the nature of education in his area of existence.
This method requires Familiarity with the language of the region and the methods of education in it, making educational visits, and watching the reality, and today we will talk about methods of comparative research in child education.
Examples of this type of study include:
- A study of the kindergarten system in the Arab world.
- A study of the comprehensive school system in Europe.
- A study of the basic education system in developed countries.
Comparative Research Forms in Child Education
Comparative Studies Formula
It means comparing the conditions of education in more than one country or region, in which the student deals with an educational or educational problem in a comprehensive analytical manner that aims to identify the forces and influences related to it and is characterized by the following:
- It is concerned with studying one of the educational or pedagogical issues or problems in one or more other environments.
- It deals with many countries or multiple regions, and it may include various countries that do not have common cultural or social factors, but between them, there are general aspects for comparison.
- This method also depends on analysis and elaboration in light of cultural considerations and the driving forces of education systems.
- It requires the collection of information and statistics on all aspects of the educational system and educational trends.
- It also requires categorizing and arranging the data and scheduling the information to facilitate its analysis and preparation for comparison. It is also exposed to know the similarities and differences and the reasons for each of them in the countries or environments in question, while the regional study is not concerned with that.
Research areas in comparative education
- The general comparison between two or more educational systems and the balance between them in all their aspects.
- Special comparison, such as studying an educational problem or a type of education in one or different environments in light of certain circumstances and considerations.
- Comparing the different cultural factors (economic, social, political, etc.) that control contemporary education systems in different countries.
- Comparing contemporary education systems in different countries, linking them to their historical foundations, provided that the use of history here is functional and not merely history itself.
- Statistical comparison in different countries regarding the economics of education such as budget, cost, equipment, children and teachers…etc. Compare that to national income and education as an investment in people.
- The comparative study that deals with the famous figures of education who had a clear impact on the trends of education (especially the contemporaries), such as one of the men of educational thought such as Sadler, Hans, Kandel, and other leading figures in the fields of education, and a statement of the comparisons between what they created again and what was before them while highlighting their role Clearly and try to straighten it.
Case study formula
A comprehensive study of one educational system in one country or one city so that this study provides the basis and explains the educational system in its cultural framework in the form that is broadcast. This study has an analytical basis that explains and interprets the educational system in a framework on it.
Sectional study format (problem study)
It is intended to study a specific problem in more than one country that the researcher is able to do (such as studying the kindergarten system in two countries), or the problems of loss and many other problems that can be the subject of a cross-sectional study from several countries chosen in the light of certain considerations in the mind researcher.
Global study formula
It is one of the forms of comparative research in child education, and it means the global study carried out by bodies or organizations at the global level. This type of study, of course, is not in the capacity of a single researcher to do, but rather requires the concerted efforts of many researchers (research team) at different levels.